Employment Opportunities to Differently Abled Persons
Relief to the disabled is a State subject by virtue of entry 9 of the State List of the Constitution of India. The Central Govt. supplements the efforts of the States through its schemes and programmes for employment of PwDs.
The Government has enacted the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act, 2016 which serves as a principal law for empowerment and rehabilitation of PwDs. The Act provides for various rights and entitlements for PwDs and also mandates the appropriate Government to take steps to promote their education, social security, health, rehabilitation and recreation and also to foster sporting activities. As per this Act, a person with Disability having 40% or more is considered as a person with benchmark disability. Chapter VI of the said Act provides for special provisions for persons with benchmark disabilities. Primarily the State Governments are responsible for implementing these provisions so as to effectively rehabilitate all PwDs.
The RPwD Act provides for reservation of not less than 4% in Govt. establishments.
The Ministry also implements the Scheme of Incentive to Private Employers inter-alia in the form of payment of employer’s contribution to EPFO and ESIC for a period of 10 years to promote employment opportunities in the private sector.
The Govt. also implements the National Action Plan (NAP) for skill training of PwDs to enhance their scope of employability in public and private sector.
National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC) provides concessional credit to the Persons with Disabilities inter-alia for self-employment activities which include setting up of small business, purchase of vehicle for commercial hiring, micro credit etc.
Further, the Department has also written to the industry associations to sensitize their member private companies to create a conducive environment for promoting employment for persons with disabilities. A National workshop was also held on 03.07.18 involving all stakeholders including private players in this regard.
The above information given by the Minister of State for Social Justice & Empowerment Shri Krishnapal Gurjar in the Parliament on 12.02.2019.