Employment generation coupled with improving employability is the priority of the Government. The Government is implementing various programs in this direction like encouraging private sector of economy, fast tracking various projects involving substantial investment and increasing public expenditure on schemes like Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Pt.Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) and Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) etc. The details of employment generated through these major schemes are given below:
|Estimated employment generated under PMEGP|
|(person in lakh)
|Persondays Generated under MGNREGS|
|( in Crore)
|Candidates placed in jobs after training DDU-GKY|
|Skill Trained Persons given Placement DAY-NULM|
Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) has been initiated by Government for facilitating self-employment. Under PMMY collateral free loans upto Rs. 10 lakh, are extended to small/micro business enterprises and to individuals to enable them to setup or expand their business activities. Till 25th January, 2019, total 15.59 crore loans have been sanctioned under the Scheme.
Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY) has been launched by the Ministry of Labour & Employment for incentivizing employers for promoting employment generation. Under this scheme, Government is paying entire employer’s contribution (12% or as admissible) towards EPF and EPS for all eligible new employees for all sectors for three years. Till 21.01.2019, more than 1.04 crore employees have been benefitted through 1.28 lakh establishments under this scheme.
As per the results of available labour force surveys on Employment-Unemployment conducted by Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment, the estimated unemployment rate for persons aged 15 years and above on usual status basis in the country in 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2015-16 was 4.0%, 3.4% and 3.7% respectively.
The above information given by the Minister of State for (Ic) for labour and employment Shri Santosh kumar Gangwar in the Parliament on 04.02.2019